Journal of Economic Entomology Volume 93 Number 3, June 2000

Apiculture and Social Insects

A Sequential Sampling Scheme for Detecting Infestation Levels of Tracheal Mites (Heterostigmata: Tarsonemidae) in Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Colonies.
Maryann T. Frazier, Jennifer Finley, William Harkness, and Edwin G. Rajotte …. 551

Field Evaluation of Neem and Canola Oil for the Selective Control of the Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Mite Parasites Varroa jacobsoni (Acari: Varroidae) and Acarapis woodi (Acari: Tarsonemidae).
Adony P. Melathopoulos, Mark L. Winston, Robin Whittington, Heather Higo, and Monique Le Doux …. 559

Survival of Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Spermatozoa Stored at Above-Freezing Temperatures.
Anita M. Collins …. 568

Biological and Microbial Control

Enhancement in Activity of Homologous and Heterologous Baculoviruses Infectious to Beet Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) by an Optical Brightener.
Martin Shapiro …. 572

Effect of Insecticides on Trichogramma exiguum (Trichogrammatidae: Hymenoptera) Preimaginal Development and Adult Survival.
Charles P.-C. Suh, David B. Orr, and John W. Van Duyn …. 577

Potential for Integrating Eleven Agricultural Insecticides with the Predatory Bug Pristhesancus plagipennis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae).
Paul R. Grundy, Derek Maelzer, Patrick J. Collins, and Erol Hassan …. 584

Performance of a Pyrethroid-Resistant Strain of the Predator Mite Typhlodromus pyri (Acari: Phytoseiidae) Under Different Insecticide Regimes.
John Michael Hardman, Debra L. Moreau, Marty Snyder, Sonia O. Gaul, and Erika D. Bent …. 590

Potential of Entomopathogenic Nematodes for Biological Control of Acalymma vittatum (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Cucumbers Grown in Conventional and Organic Soil Management Systems.
C. D. Ellers-Kirk, S. J. Fleischer, R. H. Snyder, and J. P. Lynch …. 605

Field Evaluation of Soybean Engineered with a Synthetic cry1Ac Transgene for Resistance to Corn Earworm, Soybean Looper, Velvetbean Caterpillar (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and Lesser Cornstalk Borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).
David R. Walker, John N. All, Robert M. McPherson, H. Roger Boerma, and Wayne A. Parrott …. 613

An Economic Comparison of Biological and Conventional Control Strategies for Whiteflies (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in Greenhouse Poinsettias.
T. J. Stevens III, R. L. Kilmer, and S. J. Glenn …. 623

Ecology and Behavior

Efficiency of Flight Interception Traps for Adult Colorado Potato Beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).
Gilles Boiteau …. 630

Foraging Resources of Adult Mexican Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Bell County, Texas.
G. D. Jones and J. R. Coppedge …. 636

Visual and Olfactory Stimuli and Fruit Maturity Affect Trap Captures of Oriental Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae).
Andrei V. Alyokhin, Russell H. Messing, and Jian J. Duan …. 644

Monitoring and Modeling of Field Infestation and Damage by the Maize Ear Borer Mussidia nigrivenella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Benin, West Africa.
Mamoudou Sétamou, Fritz Schulthess, Hans-Michael Poehling, and Christian Borgemeister …. 650

Simulated Predictions of Insect Phenological Events Made by Using Mean and Median Functional Lower Developmental Thresholds.
D. E. Legg, S. M. Van Vleet, and J. E. Lloyd …. 658

Ecotoxicology

Insecticidal Activity of Photoactive Dyes to American and Migratory Grasshoppers (Orthoptera: Acrididae).
John L. Capinera and Jason M. Squitier …. 662

Toxicity of Insecticides for Control of Freshwater Culex annulirostris (Diptera: Culicidae) to the Nontarget Shrimp, Caradina indistincta (Decapoda: Atyidae).
Michael D. Brown, Tonya M. Watson, Susannah Green, Jack G. Greenwood, David Purdie, and Brian H. Kay …. 667

Pre- and Postharvest Effects of Lufenuron on Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
Diana C. Whiting, Lisa E. Jamieson, and Patrick G. Connolly …. 673

Sublethal Acute and Chronic Exposure of Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to the δ-Endotoxin of Bacillus thuringiensis.
Scott D. Costa, Mary E. Barbercheck, and George G. Kennedy …. 680

Field and Forage Crops
Cotton Boll Abscission and Yield Losses Associated with First-Instar Bollworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Injury to Nontransgenic and Transgenic Bt Cotton.
J. Gore, B. R. Leonard, G. E. Church, J. S. Russell, and T. S. Hall …. 690

Dynamics and Seasonal Abundance of Stink Bugs (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in a Cotton-Soybean Ecosystem.
C. S. Bundy and R. M. McPherson …. 697

Delayed Maturity Associated with Southern Green Stink Bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) Injury at Various Soybean Phenological Stages.
David J. Boethel, John S. Russin, Alan T. Wier, M. Blake Layton, Jeffrey S. Mink, and Michael L. Boyd …. 707

Forest Entomology

Laboratory and Field Evaluations of Two Bacillus thuringiensis Formulations, Novodor and Raven, for Control of Cottonwood Leaf Beetle(Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).
David R. Coyle, Joel D. McMillin, Steven C. Krause, and Elwood R. Hart …. 713

Horticultural Entomology

Perimeter Trapping Strategy to Reduce Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) Damage on Different Host Species in Israel.
Hadass Cohen and Boaz Yuval …. 721

Effect of Silver Reflective Mulch and a Summer Squash Trap Crop on Densities of Immature Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on Organic Bean.
Hugh Adam Smith, Rosalie Lynne Koenig, Heather Jane McAuslane, and Robert McSorley …. 726

Effects of Biorational Pesticides on Four Coccinellid Species (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) having Potential as Biological Control Agents in Interiorscapes.
S. F. Smith and V. A. Krischik …. 732

Particle Films for Suppression of the Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Apple and Pear Orchards.
T. R. Unruh, A. L. Knight, J. Upton, D. M. Glenn, and G. J. Puterka …. 737

Effects of a Kaolin-Based Particle Film on Obliquebanded Leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
A. L. Knight, T. R. Unruh, B. A. Christianson, G. J. Puterka, and D. M. Glenn …. 744

Population Dynamics of Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on Spring Collard and Relationship to Yield in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas.
Tong-Xian Liu …. 750

Dogwood Borer (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) Infestation of Horned Oak Galls.
Eileen A. Eliason and Daniel A. Potter …. 757

Effect of Insecticides on the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) and Its Parasitoid Diadegma insulare (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae).
Travis A. Hill and Rick E. Foster …. 763

Comparison of Pheromone-Mediated Mating Disruption and Conventional Insecticides for Management of Tufted Apple Bud Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
Daniel M. Borchert and James F. Walgenbach …. 769

Evaluation of Border Sprays for Managing the Codling Moth (Tortricidae: Lepidoptera) and the Apple Maggot (Tephritidae: Diptera) in Ontario Apple Orchards.
R. M. Trimble and P. M. Vickers …. 777

Impact of Insecticides and Surfactant on Lettuce Physiology and Yield.
Fikru J. Haile, David L. Kerns, Jesse M. Richardson, and Leon G. Higley …. 788

Grape Cane Gallmaker (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and its Impact on Cultivated Grapes.
Michael C. Saunders and Patrick C. Tobin …. 795

Comparison of Greenhouse Screening Materials for Excluding Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) and Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae).
Michelle L. Bell and James R. Baker …. 800

Impact of Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) on Sweet Corn and Evaluation of Insecticidal and Cultural Control Options.
Michael P. Hoffmann, Jonathan J. Kirkwyland, and Jeffrey Gardner …. 805

Imidacloprid Applications by Subirrigation for Control of Silverleaf Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) on Poinsettia.
Marc W. van Iersel, Ronald D. Oetting, and Daniel B. Hall …. 813

Comparison of Pheromone Application Rates, Point Source Densities, and Dispensing Methods for Mating Disruption of Tufted Apple Bud Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
Heike E. Meissner, Cynthia A. Atterholt, James F. Walgenbach, and George G. Kennedy …. 820

Reflective and Black Mulch Increase Yield in Pumpkins Under Virus Disease Pressure.
Gerald E. Brust …. 828

Sequential Sampling Plans for the Hairy Chinch Bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae).
Ghislaine Majeau, Jacques Brodeur, and Yves Carrière …. 834

Jasmonic Acid Induced Resistance in Grapevines to a Root and Leaf Feeder.
Amir D. Omer, Jennifer S. Thaler, Jeffrey Granett, and Richard Karban …. 840

Field Infestation of Rambutan Fruits by Internal-Feeding Pests in Hawaii.
Grant T. McQuate, Peter A. Follett, and Judy M. Yoshimoto …. 846

Effect of Irrigation on the Efficacy of Insecticides for Controlling Two Species of Mole Crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae) on Golf Courses.
Yulu Xia and Rick L. Brandenburg …. 852

Household and Structural Insects

Oral Toxicity of Abamectin, Boric Acid, Fipronil, and Hydramethylnon to Laboratory Colonies of Argentine Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
Linda M. Hooper-Bui and Michael K. Rust …. 858

Use of Fecal Extract Trails to Enhance Trap Catch in German Cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) Monitoring Stations.
D. M. Miller, P. G. Koehler, and J. L. Nation …. 865

Kinetics of Uptake, Clearance, Transfer, and Metabolism of Hexaflumuron by Eastern Subterranean Termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).
Joel J. Sheets, Laura L. Karr, and James E. Dripps …. 871

Insecticide Resistance and Insecticide Management

Rapid Antibody-Based Field Test To Distinguish Between Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Helicoverpa punctigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
Stephen C. Trowell, Neil W. Forrester, Kim A. Garsia, Gaby A. Lang, Lisa J. Bird, Amanda S. Hill, John H. Skerritt, and Joanne C. Daly …. 878

Changes in Midgut Endopeptidase Activity of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) are Responsible for Adaptation to Soybean Proteinase Inhibitors.
Luis Cesar M. S. Paulillo, Adriana R. Lopes, Plínio T. Cristofoletti, José Roberto P. Parra, Walter R. Terra, and Mrcio C. Silva-Filho …. 892

Development of Diagnostic Concentrations for Insecticide Resistance Monitoring in Soybean Looper (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Larvae Using an Artificial Diet Overlay Bioassay.
R. N. Mascarenhas and D. J. Boethel …. 897

Comparison of Two Bioassay Methods for Determining Deltamethrin Resistance in German Cockroaches (Blattodea: Blattellidae).
Lionel Ee Wi Choo, Choon Siang Tang, Fung Yin Pang, and Shuit Hung Ho …. 905

A Genetic Analysis of Cyromazine Resistance in Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera: Drosophilidae).
Phillip J. Daborn, John A. McKenzie, and Philip Batterham …. 911

Evaluation of Horn Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) from a Pyrethroid Susceptible Colony for General and Permethrin Esterase Activities.
John H. Pruett, Delbert D. Oehler, Diane M. Kammlah, and Felix D. Guerrero …. 920

Development of Diagnostic Concentrations for Monitoring Bacillus thuringiensis Resistance in European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae).
Paula C.R.G. Marçon, Blair D. Siegfried, Terence Spencer, and W. D. Hutchison …. 925

Assessment of Insecticide Resistance After the Outbreak of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) in California in 1997.
A. M. Shelton, F. V. Sances, J. Hawley, J. D. Tang, M. Boune, D. Jungers, H. L. Collins, and J. Farias …. 931

Seed Mixtures as a Resistance Management Strategy for European Corn Borers (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Infesting Transgenic Corn Expressing Cry1Ab Protein.
Paula M. Davis and David W. Onstad …. 937

Selection for Fenpropathrin and Fenpropathrin+Acephate Resistance in the Silverleaf Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).
S. Sivasupramaniam and T. F. Watson …. 949

Correlated Insecticide Cross-Resistance in Azinphosmethyl Resistant Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
John E. Dunley and Stephen C. Welter …. 955

Susceptibility of Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) Populations in Mexico to Commercial Formulations of Bacillus thuringiensis.
Ovidio Díaz-Gomez, J. C. Rodríguez, A. M. Shelton, A. Lagunes-T., and R. Bujanos-M. …. 963

Life History Study of Multiple Clones of Insecticide Resistant and Susceptible Greenbug Schizaphis graminum (Homoptera: Aphididae).
Beth S. Stone, Roxanne A. Shufran, and Gerald E. Wilde …. 971

Plant Resistance

Seasonal Dynamics of Cereal Aphids on Russian Wheat Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Susceptible and Resistant Wheats.
Dennis J. Schotzko and Nilsa A. Bosque-Pérez …. 975

Conventional Resistance of Experimental Maize Lines to Corn Earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Southwestern Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), and Sugarcane Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae).
Craig A. Abel, Richard L. Wilson, Billy R. Wiseman, William H. White, and Frank M. Davis …. 982

Identification and Quantification of Hydroxamic Acids in Maize Seedling Root Tissue and Impact on Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Larval Development.
Christina S. Davis, Xinzhi Ni, Sharron S. Quisenberry, and John E. Foster …. 989

Performance of Transgenic Corn Hybrids in Missouri for Insect Control and Yield.
B. D. Barry, L. L. Darrah, D. L. Huckla, A. Q. Antonio, G. S. Smith, and M. H. O'Day …. 993

Plant Resistance Components of Two Greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) Resistant Wheats.
J. A. Webster and D. R. Porter …. 1000

Sampling and Biostatistics

Evaluation of Trap Types and Food Attractants for Rhagoletis cerasi (Diptera: Tephritidae).
Byron I. Katsoyannos, Nikos T. Papadopoulos, and Dimitris Stavridis …. 1005

Stored-Product and Quarantine Entomology

Effects of Transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis Maize Grain on B. thuringiensis-Susceptible Plodia interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).
Kristopher L. Giles, Richard L. Hellmich, Cort T. Iverson, and Leslie C. Lewis …. 1011

Hot Water Treatment and Insecticidal Coatings for Disinfesting Limes of Mealybugs (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae).
Walter P. Gould and Raymond G. McGuire …. 1017

Laboratory Rearing of Lesser Appleworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
K. D. Mantey, H. R. Moffitt, and L. G. Neven …. 1021

Large-Scale, On-Site Confirmatory, and Varietal Testing of a Methyl Bromide Quarantine Treatment to Control Codling Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Nectarines Exported to Japan.
Victoria Y. Yokoyama, Gina T. Miller, Preston L. Hartsell, and James G. Leesch …. 1025

Response of Omnivorous Leafroller (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) and Onion Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) to Low-Temperature Storage.
Victoria Y. Yokoyama and Gina T. Miller …. 1031

Insect Infestation of Stored Oats in Florida and Field Evaluation of a Device for Counting Insects Electronically.
Richard T. Arbogast, Paul E. Kendra, David K. Weaver, and Dennis Shuman …. 1035

Veterinary Entomology

Monitoring Northern Fowl Mites (Acari: Macronyssidae) in Caged Laying Hens: Feasibility of an Egg-Based Sampling System.
Bradley A. Mullens, Nancy C. Hinkle, and Coralie E. Szijj …. 1045