Journal of Economic Entomology Volume 90 Number 2, April 1997

Journal of Economic Entomology
Volume 90 Number 2, April 1997


Impact of Intraplot Mixtures of Toxic and Nontoxic Plants on Population Dynamics of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) and Its Natural Enemies.
Toni M. Riggin-Bucci and Fred Gould: 241

Insecticide Resistance and Resistance Management

Monitoring of Insecticide Resistance in Phyllonorycter mespilella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Four Western States.
Lucia G. Varela, Peter W. Shearer, Vincent P. Jones, Helmut Riedl, and Stephen C. Welter: 252

Insecticide Uptake and Decreased Uptake Resistance in the House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae): A Study with Avermectin.
E.M.M. Gardiner and F. W. Plapp Jr. 261

Fitness Costs of Resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis in Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).
Andi Trisyono and Mark E. Whalon: 267

Operational and Biological Factors Influencing Responses of Spider Mites (Acari: Tetranychidae) to Propargite by Using the Petri DishþPotter Tower Method.
K. H. Kabir and R. B. Chapman: 272

Comparative Toxicity and Tolerance for the Ecdysteroid Mimic Tebufenozide in a Laboratory and Field Strain of Cotton Leafworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
Guy Smagghe and Danny Degheele: 278

Response of Three Greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) Strains to Five Organophosphorous and Two Carbamate Insecticides.
Roxanne A. Shufran, Gerald E. Wilde, and Phillip E. Sloderbeck: 283

Snyergism of Bacillus thuringiensis by Ethylenediamine Tetraacetate in Susceptible and Resistant Larvae of Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae).
Yong-Biao Liu and Bruce E. Tabashnik: 287

Susceptibility of Stable Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) from Southeastern Nebraska Beef Cattle Feedlots to Selected Insecticides and Comparison of 3 Bioassay Techniques.
Paula C.R.G. Mar‡on, Gustave D. Thomas, Blair D. Siegfried, and John B. Campbell: 293

Reversal of Low-Level Resistance to Bacillus sphaericus in a Field Population of the Southern House Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) from an Urban Area of Recife, Brazil.
Maria Helena Silva-Filha and Lˆda Regis: 299

Inheritance of Malathion Resistance in the Parasitoid Anisopteromalus calandrae (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae).
J. E. Baker, J. Perez-Mendoza, and R. W. Beeman: 304


Residual Activity of Imidacloprid Controlling Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) and Three Species of Potato Colonizing Aphids (Homoptera: Aphidae).
Gilles Boiteau, W.P.L. Osborn, and M. E. Drew: 309

Toxicity of Monoterpenoids and Other Natural Products to the Formosan Subterranean Termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).
Mary L. Cornelius, J. Kenneth Grace, and Julian R. Yates III: 320

Toxicity, Persistence, and Potency of Sabadilla Alkaloid Formulations to Citrus Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae).
J. Daniel Hare and Joseph G. Morse: 326

Effects of Antibacterial Materials on Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) Oviposition, Growth, Survival, and Sex Ratio.
Heather S. Costa, Thomas J. Henneberry, and Nick C. Toscano: 333

Biological Effects of Canatoxin in Different Insect Models: Evidence for a Proteolytic Activation of the Toxin by Insect Cathepsinlike Enzymes.
Celia R. Carlini, Antonia E. A. Oliveira, Patricia Azambuja, Jose Xavier-Filho, and Michael A. Wells: 340

Effect of Abamectin Mixed with Mineral Oil on the Sweetpotato Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).
A. R. Horowitz, Z. Mendelson, and I. Ishaaya: 349

Biological and Microbial Control

Effects of Alkaline Gluten on the Insecticidal Activity of Bacillus thuringiensis.
R. W. Behle, M. R. McGuire, R. L. Gillespie, and B. S. Shasha: 354

Parameters Influencing Potency of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis Products.
Ole Skovmand, Dorthe Hoegh, Hanne Skov Pedersen, and Tina Rasmussen: 361

Developing a Commercially Viable System for Biological Control of Light Brown Apple Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Grapes Using Endemic Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae).
Deann C. Glenn and Ary A. Hoffmann: 370

Infection of the Migratory Grasshopper (Orthoptera: Acrididae) by Ingestion of the Entomopathogenic Fungus Beauveria bassiana.
Lloyd B. Jeffs, Ming-Guang Feng, Jennifer E. Falkowsky, and George G. Khachatourians: 383

Induction of Systemic Resistance in Cucumber Against Cucumber Beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) by Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria.
Geoffrey Zehnder, Joseph Kloepper, Changbin Yao, and Gang Wei: 391

Independent and Combined Effects of Bacillus thuringiensis and the Parasitoid Cotesia plutellae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on Susceptible and Resistant Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae).
Charles F. Chilcutt and Bruce E. Tabashnik: 397

Effects of Pyriproxyfen on Three Species of Encarsia (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae), Endoparasitoids of Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).
Tong-Xian Liu and Philip A. Stansly: 404

Susceptibility of Four Tropical Lepidopteran Maize Pests to Bacillus thuringiensis CryI-Type Insecticidal Toxins.
N. Bohorova, M. Cabrera, C. Abarca, R. Quintero, A. M. Maciel, R. M. Brito, D. Hoisington, and A. Bravo: 412

Fluorescence and Relative Activities of Stilbene Optical Brighteners as Enhancers for the Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Baculovirus.
Robert Argauer and Martin Shapiro: 416

Ecology and Behavior

Adult Movement and Dynamics of Clavigralla tomentosicollis (Heteroptera: Coreidae) Populations in Cowpea Fields of Benin, West Africa.
Hans Dreyer and Johann Baumgartner: 421

Development of Artificial Larval Diets for West Indian Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae).
Daniel S. Moreno, Dora A. Ortega Zaleta, and Robert L. Mangan: 427

Factors Influencing Survival of Citrus Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Propupae and Pupae on the Ground.
Heinrich Schweizer and J. G. Morse: 435

Effect of Substerilizing Doses of Radiation on Sperm Precedence in Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
J. E. Carpenter, Hidrayani, Novri Nelly, and B. G. Mullinix: 444

Pheromone Trap Monitoring of Z-Strain European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Optimum Pheromone Blend, Comparison with Blacklight Traps, and Trap Number Requirements.
David W. Bartels, William D. Hutchison, and Sujaya Udayagiri: 449


Intraplant Distribution and Sampling of the Citrus Leafminer (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) on Lime.
J. E. Pe¤a and B. Schaffer: 458

Household and Structural Insects

Repellency and Perception of Moving Air by the German Cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae).
D. A. Oswalt, A. G. Appel, and L. M. Smith II: 465

Toxicity of Imidacloprid in the German Cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae), and the Synergism Between Imidacloprid and Metarhizium anisopliae (Imperfect Fungi: Hyphomycetes).
Walid Kaakeh, Byron L. Reid, Tony J. Bohnert, and Gary W. Bennett: 473

Use of German Cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blatellidae) Fecal Extract To Enhance Toxic Bait Performance in the Presence of Alternative Food Sources.
D. M. Miller, P. G. Koehler, and R. S. Patterson: 483

Toxicity of a Boric AcidþSucrose Water Bait to Solenopsis invicta (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
John H. Klotz, Karen M. Vail, and David F. Williams: 488

Laboratory and Field Evaluations of Selected Chemical Treatments for Control of Drywood Termites (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae).
Rudolf H. Scheffrahn, Nan-Yao Su, and Phil Busey: 492

Comparison of Tunneling Responses into Insecticide-Treated Soil by Field Populations and Laboratory Groups of Subterranean Termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).
Nan-Yao Su, Victor Chew, Gregory S. Wheeler, and Rudolf H. Scheffrahn: 503

Rate Determination, Indirect Toxicity, Contact Activity, and Residual Persistence of Lufenuron for the Control of the German Cockroach (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae).
Walid Kaakeh, Byron L. Reid, Nawal Kaakeh, and Gary W. Bennett: 510

Liquid Boric Acid Bait for Control of Structural Infestations of Pharaoh Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
John H. Klotz, Karen M. Vail, and David F. Williams: 523

Commodity Treatment

Modeling Thermal Death in the Mexican Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae).
Donald B. Thomas and Robert L. Mangan: 527

Effect of Topsoil Treated with J3230 (5- propyl-1-en-3-oxy-6[1-(4-methyoxyphenyl)ethyl]-1,3-benzodioxole) on Reproduction of the Oriental Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae).
Yaw-Jen Dong, Eric B. Jang, Ling-Lan Cheng, Chien-Chung Chen, and Roger F. Hou: 535

Thermal Death in Third Instars of the Caribbean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae): Density Relationships.
James D. Hansen and Jennifer L. Sharp: 540

High-Temperature Controlled Atmosphere and Air Treatments To Control Obscure Mealybug (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on Apples.
Diana C. Whiting and Lisa E. Hoy: 546

Forest Entomology

Efficacy of RH5992, a New Insect Growth Regulator Against Spruce Budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in a Boreal Forest.
Beresford L. Cadogan, Arthur Retnakaran, and Joseph H. Meating: 551

Susceptibility of Different Instars of the Spruce Budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki Estimated with a Droplet-Feeding Method.
Kees Van Frankenhuyzen, Larry Gringorten, John Dedes, and Debbie Gauthier: 560

Horticultural Entomology

Absorption and Translaminar Activity of Abamectin in Apple and Pear Foliage as Determined by Spider Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) Mortality.
E. H. Beers, A. Andersen, and R. D. Brown: 566

Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): Residual Mortality and Artificial Weathering of Formulated Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis.
David N. Ferro, Andrew C. Slocombe, and Chris T. Mercier: 574

Responses to Azadirachtin and Pyrethrum by Two Species of Bemisia (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).
Nick C. Toscano, Harvey A. Yoshida, and T. J. Henneberry: 583

Oviposition of Black Cutworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Creeping Bentgrass Putting Greens and Removal of Eggs by Mowing.
R. Chris Williamson and Daniel A. Potter: 590

Effects of Orchard Ground Cover and Mite Management Options on the Population Dynamics of European Red Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae) and Amblyseius fallacis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) in Apple.
Michael J. Stanyard, Rick E. Foster, and Timothy J. Gibb: 595

Row Crops, Forage, and Small Grains

Maize Response to Corn Leafhopper (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) Infestation and Achaparramiento Disease.
Allan J. Hruska and Modesto Gomez Peralta: 604

Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Diatraea lineolata (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Impact of Larval Population Level and Temporal Occurrence on Maize Yield in Nicaragua.
Allan J. Hruska and Fred Gould: 611

Comparison of the Development and Fecundity of Russian Wheat Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in South Africa and Hungary.
Z. Basky and J. Jordaan: 623

Feeding Chamber and Diet for Culture of Nymphal Bemisia argentifolii (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae).
James K. Jancovich, Elizabeth W. Davidson, Mark Lavine, and Donald L. Hendrixa: 628

West Indian Cane Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): A New Pest of Sugarcane in Florida.
Omelio Sosa, Jr., James M. Shine, Jr., and P.Y.P. Tai: 634

Application of Ultra-Low-Volume Malathion by Air-Assisted Ground Sprayer for Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Control.
J. E. Mulrooney, K. D. Howard, J. E. Hanks, and R. G. Jones: 639

Stored-Product Entomology

Effects of Time of Aeration, Bin Size, and Latitude on Insect Populations in Stored Wheat: A Simulation Study.
P. W. Flinn, D. W. Hagstrum, and W. E. Muir: 646

Plant Resistance

Hypersensitivity and Egg Drop: A Novel Mechanism of Host Plant Resistance to Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae).
Nikolay F. Balbyshev and James H. Lorenzen: 652

Field Evaluation of Fourteen Soybean Genotypes for Resistance to Whitefly (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) Infestations.
A. L. Lambert, R. M. McPherson, and G. A. Herzog: 658

Influence of Bacillus thuringiensis-Transgenic and Nectariless Cotton on Insect Populations with Emphasis on the Tarnished Plant Bug (Heteroptera: Miridae).
D. D. Hardee and W. W. Bryan: 663

Field and Laboratory Evaluations of Transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis Corn on Secondary Lepidopteran Pests (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
Clinton D. Pilcher, Marlin E. Rice, John J. Obrycki, and Leslie C. Lewis: 669

Performance of Western Flower Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on Cultivars of Miniature Rose.
J. Chris Bergh and Jean-Pierre R. Le Blanc: 679

Novel Mechanism for Resistance to Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Wild Solanum Species.
Evans Sikinyi, David J. Hannapel, Paula M. Imerman, and H. M. Stahr: 689

Effect of Soil Moisture and Soybean Growth Stage on Resistance to Mexican Bean Beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae).
Erica B. Jenkins, Ronald B. Hammond, Steve K. St. Martin, and Richard L. Cooper: 697

Multicomponent Index for Evaluating Resistance by Sitka Spruce to the White Pine Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
Elizabeth S. Tomlin and John H. Borden: 704


Statistical Approach To Determine the Effects of Replication and Promotion Criteria on the Efficiency of Screening Systems.
Rod Aaron Herman: 715

Book Reviews

A Technical Review of Sun Pests. M. Javahery.
Reviewed by Carl W. Schaefer: 719

Quarantine Treatments for Pests of Food Plants. J. L. Sharp and G. J. Hallman [eds.].
Reviewed by Lisa G. Neven: 720

Insect Pests and Fresh Horticultural Products: Treatments and Responses. R. E. Paull and J. W. Armstrong [eds.].