ESA Electronic Reprints: Reading PDF files

PDF is Adobe Systems' Portable Document Format. It lets any user at any computer view a document the way it was intended--with the proper fonts, layout, and figures.

Some documents on the ESA web site are too complex to be reproduced in HTML, the standard language of the web. So we've made them available in PDF format for your convenience. Specifically, this includes electronic reprints of journal articles from Annals of the ESA, Environmental Entomology, the Journal of Economic Entomology, and the Journal of Medical Entomology, as well as selected other documents on the site. These documents on the ESA site are usually marked with the PDF! tag.

To read the article, simply click on its hyperlink; the PDF will download automatically. Note: To view PDF files in full-screen view, right-click on the hyperlink and select "Open in New Window" from the drop-down menu.

If your computer does not recognize PDF documents, you can download a PDF viewer FREE from Adobe Systems' web site.

If you have any questions, please contact us at